'WHATS GOING ON GUYS? I'M HERE TO ATTEMPT TO PLACE YOU IN GREATER CONFINEMENT. WILL YOU COOPERATE WITH MY COERCION?' In the context of White American domination there is no innocent Black male, just Black male criminals who have not yet been detected, apprehended or convicted. [MORE] Above, unaccountable racist cops provide unwanted "service" to Black men in Des Moines. [MORE]
Race soldiers so frequently abuse their power that no one—no motorist, no juvenile, no adult, no professional of any kind—could make a compelling argument that constitutional rights afford Black people any real protection from the state.
Dr. Blynd states, "Constitutional protections are window dressing to make subject-citizens feel like they are being served - instead of screwed... Your constitutional protections are made of ribbed latex - and you're getting screwed royally."
Since the 1980's police departments have co-opted local traffic codes as a major weapon of racism/white supremacy to be used against Black & Brown travellers.
For white folks, the bare essentials of a "routine traffic stop" consist of causing the vehicle to stop, explaining to the driver the reason for the stop, questioning solely based on the stop, verifying the credentials of the driver and the vehicle, and then issuing a citation or a warning. 10 minutes later, 'have a nice day buddy.'
For many Non-whites, particularly Latinos and Blacks, the bare essentials of a traffic stop consist of a records check via radio or computer regarding the criminal & traffic history of those stopped and any outstanding arrest warrants for those individuals; papers check for citizenship status of driver and passengers, records check of the vehicle registration, [questioning unrelated to the stop such as] interrogation of those stopped directly on the subject of immigration status, drugs or weapons, interrogation about the nature and purpose of their travels, repeteive looped questions about all the above, seeking (and often obtaining) consent to conduct a full search of the stopped vehicle and the driver/passengers; smelling the occupants, DUI field sobriety testing, using a drug-sniffing dog to detect the presence of any drugs in the stopped vehicle and/or verbal abuse, provocation, physical beat down, prolonged detention and/or deportation. Threats to comply or go to jail and Promises to be lenient if they admit to any offenses [MORE]