[reaching for his wallet in a white supremacy system] Obedient Black Man Murdered by Overseer Cops in Minn.
question: Why is Trigger Happy Cop Standing on the passenger side of the car Asking the Passenger Questions Unrelated to the Stop for a Broken Taillight?
answer: Because passenger is Black and he is in a system of white supremacy. Unless Minnesota statutes require a passenger in a vehicle to carry a driver's license or another form of identification, demanding (passenger) Philando Castile to display his identification was probably an illegal seizure within the meaning of the 4th Amendment - as it is applied to white people. Since nothing the passenger did attributed to the liability of the driver for the broken taillight there is no legal basis to demand identification. In general passengers are free to refuse to provide identifying information. [MORE] White passengers that is.
Once a lawful traffic stop has been made, it is certainly proper for the officer then to engage in "questioning the driver about the traffic violation," although often, as in this case, the officer's prior observations will have obviated the need for any interrogation to establish the existence of the traffic infraction.
question: Why is this frightened cop asking so many questions during a broken tailight stop and How Long Can a Traffic Stop Last For?
answer: Because the occupants are Black and they are in a system of white supremacy the stop can last forever and most judges and prosecutors will careless about it. What the fuck does the officer have to talk about during a taillight stop? He saw the taillight broke. No Investigation necessary. So no questions necessary. Check the driver's permit (so others remain safe on the road), give her the ticket & go fight real crime. In strict accordance with Terry v. Ohio, the Supreme Court has ruled that questioning during a traffic stop must be limited to the purpose of the traffic stop and thus may not be extended to other subjects. LOL. This rule is clearly only applicable to white folks and definitely rarely applied to Blacks & Latinos at night.
For whites the Supreme Court made it "clear" (i) that "an investigative detention must be temporary and last no longer than is necessary to effectuate the purpose of the stop," and also (ii) that "the investigative methods employed should be the least intrusive means reasonably available to verify or dispel the officer's suspicion in a short period of time." That is, the prosecution bears the burden of establishing that the stop was "sufficiently limited in scope and duration." [MORE]
In video above the Minnesota race soldier investigated and questioned passenger Mr. Castile for the rest of his lifetime. Why?
As a part of the "routine traffic stop" in a white supremacy system, cops subject Black & Latino travelers to a criminal-history and outstanding-warrants records check on the driver and passengers; we are closely questioned about our identities, the reason for our travels, our intended destinations, and the like, and may be quizzed as to whether we have drugs on our persons or in the vehicle. The Black driver may be induced to submit to a full search of the vehicle, or a drug-sniffing dog may appear on the scene and check your car. The cops are often close to you, smelling you, your breath, looking at anything they can see in your car. Even compliant Blacks like Mr. Castille can be murdered anytime, anyplace in this racist system of vast unequal power.
From [HERE] and [HERE] and [HERE] White supremacy is racism and racism is white supremacy.